The battle of messines 7 14 june 1917 was conducted by the british second army the 47th and 23rd divisions formed the left defensive flank of the attack advancing onto the ridge around the ypres comines canal and railway past the mines at caterpillar and hill 60. Messines ridge stretched towards the village of wytschaete which is located about 15 km farther north along the n365 road to ypres the german 26th division took messines village mesen in flemish on october 31 november 1 1914. About 8 kilometers south of ypres in the middle of a farm is a small green pond known as the pool of peace but its creation was a rather violent event indeed the explosions at messines ridge created several permanent craters that have now turned into shallow pools. Messines ridge one of the reasons why ypres was so significant was that it was surrounded on three sides by ridges of high ground it was high ground only by the standards of the low countries but that added to its power. The mines in the battle of messines comprised a series of underground explosive charges as part of allied operations in the ypres salient pillars of fire the battle of messines ridge june 1917 stroud sutton publishing
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